There is a lot of talk about medical issues that affect the female population, or humans in general. However, the discussions around the conditions that affect the male population, like gynecomastia, are few and far between.
So, what exactly is gynaecomastia, and why do we need to have a conversation around it. The condition, also known as man boobs can occur to boys and men at any stage – infancy, puberty to old age. The medical description of gynecomastia is the enlargement of glandular breast tissue in males. This may be caused due to a number of reasons like hormonal imbalance, overdose of drugs like corticosteroids or any other reason due to which oestrogen levels become higher than the testosterone levels.
Signs and symptoms of gynecomastia
The next obvious question in the minds of anyone reading this would be what are the gynecomastia symptoms and what is the gynecomastia treatment available? Let us first take a look at the gynecomastia symptoms. The first and most telling symptom is the enlargement of the breast tissue in a symmetric position to the nipples and occurring on both sides.
Gynaecomastia occurs in more than half the newborn male infants due to their mother’s increased estrogen levels. However, this dissolves on its own in nearly 3 weeks without the need of any medical intervention. Also, during puberty, as the hormonal levels of the body are changing, many boys may be impacted by gynecomastia. Again, there is no need for any gynecomastia treatment at this stage. This issue resolves on its own in a year or two. Finally, with age catching up, in males older than 50 years, as the testosterone levels keep dropping, nearly a quarter of the population is affected by gynaecomastia.
As we have seen, in a lot of cases, the occurrence reduces on its own and hence there is no need for any medical intervention or man boobs surgery. It is only when the condition does not resolve, your medical care giver or specialist may ask you to undergo a few tests to determine whether or not you need surgery. You should also be worrying about the gynecomastia surgery cost only when your doctor tells you, you would need the surgery.
5 signs indicating you need to have gynecomastia done
The good news is you do not always need medical intervention in the form of medicine or surgery for gynecomastia. But then, when exactly should you contact your doctor about it. Below is a list of some of the signs of gynecomastia, which when observed, tell you that you need to visit the doctor.
- The growth for man boobs generally occurs on both sides. However, that may not be the case always. Thus, if you notice non-uniform growth or only on one side, you should visit the doctor.
- Normally, you won’t feel any pain in the growth. However, if the breast or nipple feels painful on touching, it is better to get examined by a professional.
- A common fear when observing any form of growth is whether or not it is cancer. It is important to understand that gynecomastia is different from cancer. In this, the growth is rubbery to touch, whereas a cancerous growth can feel hard and firm and is also characterized by dimpling of the skin or a discharge from the nipple. If you have even the slightest doubt about this, do visit your doctor and they will carry out tests to ascertain the presence of cancer and whether or not you need man boobs surgery.
- There is a possibility that your condition may be confused with breast abscess, however that is a very rare occurrence, especially in males. In that condition, the patient may have fever or chills and the skin around the growth can be hot, swollen and too painful to touch. It is good to visit your doctor to confirm the exact condition and gynecomastia surgery cost.
- If any secondary sexual characteristics or problems are observed, along with the enlargement of breasts, for e.g. erectile dysfunction. At the onset of puberty, the occurrence of man boobs has a higher probability of occurrence due to a number of reasons.