What is Reconstructive Surgery?
Reconstructive surgery procedures are carried out from head to toe, irrespective of the patient’s age, sex or present appearance. It is used to treat a wide range of medical conditions.
Reconstructive surgery or reconstructive plastic surgery is all about repairing a patient’s body and restoring its function. It is performed to repair and reshape bodily structures affected by birth defects, developmental abnormalities, trauma/injuries, infections, tumours and disease.
Using a wide range of reconstructive techniques, plastic surgeons cover up holes and repair damage primarily through the transfer of tissue from one part of the body to another. The main aim is to restore the body, or the function of a specific part of the body, to normal.
However, plastic surgeons carrying out reconstructive plastic surgery also try to improve and restore appearance. Wherever possible they try to minimise the visibility of the wound or defect and the impact of the surgery itself.
Cosmetic surgery is an extension of reconstructive surgery in which the main aim is to enhance a patient’s physical appearance.
What are the Different Types of Reconstructive Surgery?
Aesthetic & Reconstructive surgery covers a wide variety of procedures that are performed to help repair damaged tissue. Causes of tissue damage can range from birth defects or traumatic injuries to severe burns or disease.
According to various Organisations of Plastic Surgeons, over 1 million reconstructive surgery procedures are performed each year.
The most common types of reconstructive surgeries.
Breast Reconstruction surgery
Breast reconstruction surgery helps restore breasts to near their normal shape, appearance, symmetry and size after undergoing a mastectomy. Breast reconstruction plastic surgery can be done in two ways firstly a breast Implant-based reconstruction and flap reconstruction (using patient’s own tissue from other parts of the body).
Breast after reconstruction surgery gets an enhanced look where you and your surgeon will look at the type of reconstructive surgery you have received.
Breast Reduction surgery
Also called reduction mammaplasty, breast reduction surgery is a procedure that removes excess breast fat, tissue and skin to reach a breast size that’s more in proportion to the body.
It is also done to relieve discomfort from overly large breasts. Men who suffer from gynecomastia can also undergo a breast reduction surgery.
Cleft Lip and Palate Repair
Cleft lip and cleft palate are some of the most common birth defects in North America. This type of plastic surgery is designed to correct this abnormal development and restore a more normal appearance.
Hand or Foot Surgery
Hand surgery can improve conditions that impair the hand, including carpal tunnel syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis and Dupuytren’s contracture (a disabling hand disorder marked by scar-like tissue bands on the palm).
These surgeries can treat diseases that cause pain and impair strength, function and flexibility in the wrists and fingers. They can also correct some abnormalities that may have been present at birth.
Foot surgeries may also be available for people affected by tumours, or by webbed or extra toes.
Regenerative medicine is the science of replacing, engineering or regenerating human cells, tissues or organs to restore normal function. It’s a broad category of medicine that can help people with everything from trauma to cancer therapy and birth abnormalities.
Areas that are part of regenerative medicine include:
- Burn care
- Nerve regeneration
- Breast reconstruction
- Wound care
- Fat grafting and adipose stem cell therapy
- Scar treatment
- Hand and face transplantation
- Bioprosthetic interfaces (connecting humans to machines)
- Bone regeneration
- Custom-made tissue flaps
- Generation of new skin via tissue expansion
Scar Revision treatment
This is a group of surgical procedures that attempt to minimize the appearance of a scar and help it blend in more effectively with the surrounding skin.
Treatments can range from mild, topical treatments and minimally invasive procedures for surgical revision. Know that while scars can be reduced they cannot be completely removed.
Skin Cancer Removal
In some cases of skin cancer, surgery to remove a cancerous growth might be recommended. Your surgeon can remove cancerous or other skin lesions using specialized techniques also designed to preserve health and appearance.
Tissue expansion procedure allows the body to grow extra skin in almost any area of the body. A silicone balloon expander is inserted under the skin near the area that needs to be repaired and gradually filled with salt water over time—this causes the skin to stretch and grow. It’s most commonly used for breast reconstruction after breast removal, but it can also help in other areas.
If you are a candidate for any of these reconstructive surgeries, your plastic surgeon can provide the proper recommendations for you
Preparing for Reconstructive Plastic Surgery
Most people with hernias have surgery to repair them, even if they do not have symptoms. Surgery typically offers a less dangerous course than the risk of strangulation, a serious problem that can occur when part of the intestine gets trapped inside a hernia.
Preoperative planning is very important to a successful outcome from abdominal wall reconstruction. Reconstructive surgery experts will review your case and reports and results that you carry with you. Once a decision for a reconstructive surgery is made, the following steps should be taken to help promote the desired outcome:
If diabetes or blood sugar related issues are present, practice good control of the diseases
No smoking for at least 4 weeks prior to surgery
Weight loss is important but does not a crash diet.
The Surgical Procedure
Surgeons perform reconstruction surgery on large complex hernias using muscle releases such as external oblique, transverse abdominus and retrorectus to allow for closure of the wound.
A surgeon may also use Botox in select cases to assist with abdominal wall closure in large defects. Mesh materials may be inserted during the procedure to reinforce the abdominal wall closure. The type, size and placement of the mesh are tailored to the individual patient’s needs.
Skin and soft tissue coverage of the hernial defect are also critically important to maximize wound healing. Most reconstructive surgery experts or surgeons are well trained in the use of Elite laser-assisted fluorescent imaging to aid in the visualization and assessment of blood flow to the skin during some surgical procedures.
This technology helps reduce tissue and skin involvement to promote skin and wound healing. When skin coverage is more complex, plastic surgery may be recommended.
Enhanced recovery protocols used by the reconstructive surgeon during your postoperative stay help to minimize pain and shorten inpatient care. A surgical drain is necessary with abdominal wall reconstruction surgery.
The duration of its use can vary and you may be discharged with it. Proper drain care will be taught to you or a family member, or home health will be arranged.
Thea start the cosmetic surgery procedures will follow your progress closely for the first four to six weeks after reconstructive surgery, but long-term management is our ultimate goal to ensure ongoing improved health.
How to choose a Reconstructive Plastic Surgeons
Cosmetic surgeons who conduct reconstructive plastic surgeries may have different qualifications, training and experience. patients should look for a cosmetic surgeon that belongs to a professional government authorised body.
For example, a member of the Association of Plastic Surgeons in India (APSI) has completed a minimum of 12 years medical and surgical education plus at least five years of specialist postgraduate training in reconstructive plastic surgery.
This type of professional is a better choice for your cosmetic surgeon. Rather than a one who is qualified but not from an authorised university and someone having hardly 1 years experience in aesthetic and reconstructive plastic surgery.
Reconstructive cosmetic surgeon
The team at ALCS Jaipur is comprised of a surgeon and nursing staff who provide comfort, peace-of-mind and superior medical service under the guidance of Dr Sunil Arora.
Dr Sunil Arora has performed over a hundred reconstructive plastic surgeries in Jaipur and works diligently to bring new technology to patients both domestically and internationally.
His extensive study in the field, eye for aesthetic beauty and strong demand for patient safety has improved the quality of life for hundreds of patients.
Dr Sunil Sharma encourages his patients to do their detailed research before choosing a reconstructive plastic surgeon. Remember, when choosing a reconstructive cosmetic surgeon, be sure to focus on their qualifications, experience and functional results.
Experienced reconstructive surgery doctors like Dr Sunil Arora also pay special attention to the appearance of the overall body to create a more youthful look.
Patients can expect compassionate, best-in-class care while undergoing surgical procedures with Dr Sunil Arora
Contact ALCS, Jaipur now to get beautiful, curvaceous body regardless of your age!
ALCS Clinic offers best breast reconstructive surgeon in Jaipur at economical costs.